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Rinse the beans under running water.
We clean the vegetables and wash them well. We cut the carrots into rounds, the peppers into strips, we grate the parsnips and the onion into suitable strips.
Put the oil in a pot. Add the onion and sauté. After the onion has hardened, add the carrot, pepper and parsnip. Put a tablespoon of paprika and mix. Add the beans and mix gently. Cover everything with hot water in which we dissolved the 3 tablespoons of tomato paste. Let it boil until the vegetables are well cooked and until the beans have reached the desired consistency. I boiled the beans until it thickened and formed a thick sauce. At the end I added the Lesutean and added salt to taste. I made it without meat, but you can put it if you want.
Beans, information about diseases, pests and treatments
Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) is an annual hanging plant, native to Central and South America. It was brought to Europe in the 16th century by the Spanish and Portuguese. In our country, bean plants have been cultivated since the 18th century in plain and hilly areas. In the culture there are two varieties, which include plants with undetermined growth (hanging) and plants with determined growth (bush). It is a very popular plant and is widely used in food, being an important source of protein, vitamins (A, B6, C, K), calcium, magnesium, folic acid, iron, phosphorus, zinc, potassium.
The main diseases of beans
VirusesYellow bean mosaic (Bean yellow mosaic virus)
It is manifested by the appearance on the leaves of small, yellow spots, arranged especially near the ribs. In the case of sensitive varieties, the yellowed areas completely encompass the leaves, the attacked plants are poorly developed and form small pods. The virus is transmitted by aphids.
Prevention and control measures:
- use of healthy and certified seed
- destruction of plant debris after harvest
- removal of affected plants from the crop
- cultivation of resistant varieties
- application of insecticides to control the aphid population
Common bean mosaic (Bean common mosaic virus)
The symptoms of the disease appear at temperatures of 18-36 ℃. Light green or dull spots appear on the attacked leaves, in contrast to green tissue. The plants remain small, have weak flowering and form small and deformed pods. The virus is transmitted by aphids, pollen or work equipment.
Prevention and control measures:
- use of healthy seed
- destruction of plant debris after harvest
- removal of affected plants from the crop
- cultivation of resistant varieties
- application of insecticides to control the aphid population
Common bean burn (Xanthomonas campestris pv phaseoli)
The disease manifests itself in all phases of plant development, from emergence to harvest (grain). Cornish, yellow-green spots appear on the leaves, and in conditions of high humidity, bacterial exudate appears on their surface. On the stems, the disease is manifested by the appearance of reddish-brown stripes, followed by drying of the tissues. As a result of the infection, the berries remain small, wrinkled and have yellow spots, which later turn brown.
Prevention and control measures:
- use of healthy seed
- destruction of plant debris after harvest
- chemical treatments with copper-based fungicides
The periods of planting and sowing directly from the end of winter-spring can be influenced by the climatic conditions of each year, so that it is not always possible to sow in the presented interval:
- 20–28 (carrot, parsley, dill, larch, moon radish, onion, garlic, winter green onion, peas, spinach, salad, planting horseradish rhizomes.)
- 1-10 (carrot, parsley, dill, larch, moon radish, onion, garlic, chives, peas, spinach, salad, for captains)
- 10-20 (carrot, parsley, dill, larch, moon radish, onion, early potatoes, peas, spinach, lettuce for captains, sorrel)
- 20-30 (moon radish, early potatoes, spinach, sorrel, dill, planted cabbage varieties for early production)
- 1-10 (summer radish, pumpkin, early potatoes, spinach, sorrel, planted peppers, planted tomatoes, dill, cabbage varieties for early production)
- 10-20 (summer radishes, zucchini, baked pumpkins, melon, watermelon, spinach, corn for boiling, sorrel, dill, planted cabbage varieties for semi-early production)
- 20-30 (beets, cucumbers, baked pumpkin, zucchini, watermelon, melon, beans, corn for boiling, dill, cabbage varieties for semi-early production)
- 1-20 (cucumbers, beans, corn for cooking)
- 20-30 (planted cabbage for summer production, planted created cabbage, planted cabbages, cucumbers, endives, corn for boiling, dill, green beans)
- 1-10 (cabbage plant for summer production, planted cabbage, planted cabbages, cucumbers, endives, corn for boiling, dill, green beans)
- 10-20 (cucumbers, corn for boiling, dill, green beans)
- 20-30 (planted cabbage for autumn production, planted goulash, beets, cucumbers, autumn potatoes, green beans, dill)
- 1-10 (planted goulash, beets, autumn potatoes, planted cabbage for the production of tomana, green beans, dill)
- 10-20 (beets, cucumbers, green beans, dill)
- 20-30 (winter radish, spinach, dill)
- 1-10 (winter radish, spinach, dill)
- 10-20 (spinach, macris)
- 20-30 (winter green onions, winter salad, spinach, sorrel)
- 1-10 (winter green onions, winter salad, sorrel)
- 10-20 (spinach, macris)
- 20-30 (spinach)
- 1-10 (carrot, parsley, onion, garlic, peas - all for early spring production- planting horseradish rhizomes)
Corteva Agriscience and Bejo sign an agreement on genome editing for vegetable breeding
Bejo, a Dutch vegetable breeding company, has entered into a non-exclusive commercial license and research agreement with Corteva Agriscience, a global agricultural company, and Broad Institute, a biomedical and genomics research center located in the United States. More >>
The vegetable market rewards professional farmers
Compared to previous years, the early vegetable harvests are better rewarded in Romania, which shows that the investment in professional, intensive production is profitable - says the Malagrow expert, Csaba Éber. He believes that the "first step" in investments without a large capital contribution is to provide supplements of modern nutrients and stimulate the development of crops that through early quality fruit can bring producers a substantial surplus of income. More >>
Strategic alliance for the relaunch of the potato sector: Romanian Farmers Club & amp 'National Potato Federation' from Romania
The Romanian Farmers Club and the National Federation "Potato" from Romania signed yesterday a collaboration protocol on supporting topics of major interest to Romanian potato farmers and for launching projects to support the development and expansion of a National Strategic Potato Plan, with specific national elements to contribute to the support of the sector. More >>
At Leroy Merlin, gardening enthusiasts can find all the products and solutions for their projects
Leroy Merlin Romania announces the arrival of the Outdoor Plant Cultivation Season, with a special range of products and gardening solutions for terraces, relaxation areas or outdoor decorations. Thus, the categories targeted this season are Furniture, Terrace, Barbecue, Plant Cultivation and Irrigation. Moreover, to launch the Plant Season, Leroy Merlin built a huge podium right at the entrance to the stores, an invitation to customers to discover a wide range of products. More >>
Lidl develops the first standard for biodiversity conservation in conventional agriculture
Lidl, together with specialists in the field of agriculture and food, develops the first agricultural standard for the protection and conservation of biodiversity in conventional fruit and vegetable production. This will be an additional module of the GLOBAL G.A.P. and will be available to all fruit and vegetable producers by the end of 2021. Through this initiative, Lidl aims to actively promote the protection of biodiversity as part of its strategy. More >>
Partnership for vegetable growing: Patria Bank and Patria Credit support the Foundation for Agricultural Development
Patria Bank and Patria Credit sign a strategic collaboration protocol with the Foundation for the Development of Agriculture (FDA), for the next five years, worth 500,000 euros. The FDA is an independent organization, created with the vision and financial support of Carrefour Romania, to support and stimulate the association's efforts of vegetable producers, in particular, and to provide opportunities for the sale of agricultural products in general. More >>
CLOSER ™ - The perfect solution for fighting potato aphids
Aphids, in potato culture, can cause damage directly due to sap feeding and indirectly by transmitting viruses, such as: Y virus, leaf twist virus, M, S virus and others. Preventing the appearance of viruses in the process of producing quality seed is and must be a basic concern of farmers. Thus, aphid control management is becoming increasingly important. More >>
A new brand of vegetable seeds on the Romanian market
Starting with 2021, Ceres Union, the company that also manages the SemintePlante.ro website, has started a new collaboration regarding the exclusive distribution of professional vegetable seeds from the NongWoo Bio range, South Korea. NongWoo Bio is the largest company in South Korea in the segment of professional vegetable seed production, which has managed perfectly over the past 50 years to combine conventional hybridization technologies with the latest practices in the field of vegetables. More >>
Cultivation of seedlings in professional nurseries increases efficiency in horticulture
The number of producers specialized exclusively in seedlings will increase significantly in the next five years in Romania, which will contribute to the stabilization and professionalization of Romanian horticulture within a decade - says Csaba Éber, Deputy General Manager of Malagrow. Vegetable and fruit growing in Romania is already on an upward development trend, and the next step can only be the multiplication of farms that deal exclusively with the cultivation of seedlings. More >>
New tomato hybrids from the Bakker Brothers range
In a market with more and more problems caused by pests and pathogens that lead to diseases, ensuring varieties that offer the farmer the guarantee of quality production, continuity in production, resistance and uniformity is the most important thing. Ceres Union, the company that manages the SemintePlante.ro website, tested several hybrids from the Bakker Brothers range at various farmers in Romania (each applying, in turn, various technologies), and selected pen. More >>
Lencoplant - Professional solutions for vegetable growers at a click away
Going to the market or to a specialized store for seeds and materials needed to carry out agricultural work has become a much more complicated process for each of us. Thus, with the pandemic and in order to be closer to each farmer, in order to offer the necessary security, the LENCOPLANT company, starting with this year, has expanded in the online environment www.lencoplant.ro. More >>
Over 4,300 controlled operators in the field of sale of fresh vegetables and fruits
From the beginning of 2020 until August, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) carried out control actions at territorial level on the entire product chain in the field of marketing of fresh vegetables and fruits, from production to marketing. More >>
AIPROM: Be the hero of your solarium too! Protect what matters!
The Association of Plant Protection Industry of Romania - AIPROM together with AMAZAG organized in Izbiceni (Olt) a meeting with vegetable growers in the area to discuss the importance of wearing personal protective equipment while handling plant protection products and the factors that determine them. farmers to adopt this behavior to protect their health. More >>
Establishment of the autumn garlic culture
In Romania, almost 10,000 hectares of garlic are cultivated (approximately 4% of the area occupied by vegetables), with a yield of 5.5 to / ha, especially in the counties: Botosani, Dolj, Iasi, Mehedinti, Suceava, Teleorman and Timis . In our country, several Romanian varieties of garlic are cultivated. More >>
Malagrow: Substantial gains for those who now have tomatoes for sale
Tomato producers who currently can harvest and capitalize on the market consistent quantities of products will get significantly higher prices during this period - says Gabriel Danciulescu. Malagrow's regional manager believes that farmers who apply professional practices and postpone the harvest period this year will make a considerable additional profit due to substantially higher producer prices. More >>
The quality of the products we offer to our customers is one of the most important values that underlie our activity. Here are the long-term benefits you can enjoy if you choose to invest in quality seeds:
- The plants will benefit from a high level of resistance to diseases and pests
- Tolerance in case of extreme or unfavorable weather conditions
- Increased degree of productivity
- The harvested fruits will have a special taste and aroma.
Assorted vegetables au gratin
Assorted vegetables (potatoes, carrots, peas and fresh or canned green beans), au gratin with cheese
Assorted vegetable recipe (potatoes with peas, cauliflower, carrots, celery and goulash).
Lamb with assorted Basque vegetables
Lamb recipe with assorted vegetables: onions, tomatoes, peas, potatoes and green beans
Potato pudding with vegetables
Potato pudding recipe with vegetables (canned green beans, carrots and celery)
Tips for vegetable growers: which vegetables grow well together and which vegetable combinations should be avoided
In order to have healthy and well-developed vegetables, farmers or even small gardeners need to take into account some tips on beneficial plant combinations. Moreover, it is important to know that some plants can protect certain crops from diseases and pests, which will help us get much more comfortable and cheaper healthy vegetables.
For example, if we plan to grow peppers, it is good to know that this vegetable can be grown with basil, cucumbers, onions, bay leaves, pumpkin, squash, marigolds, larch, peas, marjoram, carrots, geraniums, oregano, parsley, tomatoes, garlic, beets and eggplant.
On the other hand, if we want to grow peppers, we will not do it in parallel with broccoli, beans, fennel, cauliflower, kale, walnuts, cabbage or apricots.
Basil grows in harmony with tomatoes, asparagus, parsley, apricots, anise, peppers, asparagus, beans, marigolds, chamomile, oregano, petunia, parsley, beets, cabbage. We must avoid associations with sage for example.
It is important to note that anise and chamomile increase the amount of essential oils produced by basil. Basil attracts butterflies, repels asparagus beetles, mosquitoes, flies. Also, red basil has the ability to repel the tomato hornworm.
For cucumbers there are many other vegetables that we can plant together such as: dill, basil, celery, cabbage, spinach, fennel, climbing beans, salad, onions, early potatoes, corn, sunflower, peppers, broccoli, thyme, marigold, kale , peas, dill, carrots, chamomile, petunias, radishes, beets, celery, garlic.
However, associations with radishes, horseradish, herbs, melons, tomatoes, sage, spinach, potatoes should be avoided.
Onions can be grown with peppers, broccoli, apricots, potatoes, cucumbers, thyme, cauliflower, collard, kale, dill, apple, carrot, chamomile, parsley, tomatoes, salad, beets, spinach, celery, eggplant.
On the other hand, the associations between onion and asparagus, leeks, beans, peas, garlic, cabbage should be avoided.
Onions repel snails, aphids, carrot bites, hot peppers release a substance that prevents root rot and diseases caused by fusarium, turkey moth attracts predatory insects (ground beetles & # 8211 Carabidae). It is protected by chamomile. Carrot and onion go very well together & # 8211 carrot drive away onion fly, onion drive away carrot fly.
Weather in Carciumarese
Birch groves can be planted throughout the garden, because they attract beneficial insects, being a trap culture for the Japanese beetle. Beetles also attract birds that feed on flies.
Thyme can be grown with beans, onions, cucumbers and potatoes. Thyme has the ability to repel the Mexican bean beetle and drive away bean fleas.
Craitas are another sanitary plant, beneficial for the whole garden. The best combinations are with basil, asparagus, potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, salad, roses, cabbage, eggplant.
It is recommended to avoid the association between craite and beans.
Crayfish root releases a substance that kills nematodes and removes whiteflies, as well as virus carriers that attack tomatoes, hot peppers, eggplant. Also, crabs attract various beneficial predatory insects, having a herbicide effect on beans and cabbage.
For those who grow tomatoes, the dragee is an important plant, through its ability to bring iron closer to the soil surface, to the advantage of the plant.
Marigolds can be used in combination with almost all plants, especially peppers, asparagus, broccoli, basil, potatoes, cucumbers, pumpkin, tomatoes, cabbage.
Marigolds have the ability to repel worms with tomato heart, asparagus beetle, Circulifer tenellus parasites, carriers of viruses that attack tomatoes, hot peppers, eggplant.
Hyssop can be successfully grown with broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cabbage, vines. It is recommended to avoid cultivation with radishes.
Hyssop attracts bees, butterflies, repels cabbage butterflies, Alticinae beetles (attacks cabbage, broccoli, gulia, cauliflower), attracts predatory insects (syrphids, wasps), stimulates calf growth. Hyssop is an extremely resistant plant, being able to cover and purify polluting lands.
And larch can be grown in combination with almost all plants, especially asparagus and beans. Leustean is considered one of the ideal companions for almost all plants, having the ability to improve the health of all neighboring plants.
Dill can be grown with asparagus, broccoli, cucumbers, onions, collard, coriander, cauliflower, beans, fennel, kale, peas, carrots, tomatoes, salad, cabbage. It is recommended to avoid cultivation with angelica and cumin.
Dill flowers attract predatory insects, bees and repel tomato aphids and mites. Planting dill in the middle of layers of broccoli and cabbage protects the carrot attracts the worm with tomato horn (Manduca quinquemaculata).
Carrot culture can be done with garlic, dill, cabbage, chives, endives, onions, leeks, peas, radishes, salad, tomatoes, beets, hazelnuts, peppers, cucumbers, potatoes, chervil, thimble, beans, flax, parsley. rosemary, sage, spinach, celery.
On the other hand, the cultivation of carrots with mint, anise, parsnips, beets, celery should be avoided.
Flowering carrots attract predatory insects. Carrots and onions go very well together, carrots drive away onion bites, onions drive away carrot bites. Flax produces an oil that can protect carrots. Onions, leeks, sage or rosemary planted with carrots will drive away flies.
We can grow salad with dill, beets, cucumbers, cabbage, kale, spinach, beans, peas, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, onions, strawberries, craite, apple, corn, asparagus, garlic.
It is recommended to avoid cultivating the salad with celery, parsley, watercress.
The best crops with which tomatoes can be planted are: lamb's tongue, carrots, celery, cabbage, spinach, onions, chives, parsnips, parsley, leeks, lettuce, asparagus, basil, craite, garlic, asparagus, condurasi, beans, sunflower, marigold, mint, geranium, oregano, radish, sage, craite.
On the other hand, we will avoid planting tomatoes with beets, red cabbage, fennel, peas, rosemary, potatoes, capsins, dill, cucumbers, cauliflower, walnuts, climbing beans, apricots.
They can be grown with artichokes, hot peppers, chives, onions, thyme, beans, peas, mint, leeks, tomatoes, marigolds, tarragon, garlic.
Avoid growing with potatoes, cauliflower, climbing beans, fennel, kale, walnuts, cabbage.
Those who want to grow old varieties of vegetables, with taste as in the time of their grandparents, have the opportunity to buy, free of charge, seeds from peasant varieties, provided by Eco Ruralis Romania. The event, already in its 5th edition, started on March 1, 2017. Read more details about this initiative here.
Eco Ruralis members are peasant families and people who support peasant and organic agriculture throughout the country. Currently, Eco Ruralis has 3,000 members from all counties in Romania.
Extra-early and early cucumber seeds for greenhouse and solarium crops. Cornichon hybrids, long and semi-long with disease resistance.
Professional melon seeds, top hybrids, with special taste and color and resistant to disease, transport and storage
Eggplant seeds with white pulp, without bitter taste, with resistance to transport and storage. Grow hybrids with large fruits and high productivity
Pumpkin seeds for greenhouse, solarium and field crops. Professional hybrids and varieties of quality, with high productivity and resistance
White and red cabbage seeds, for extra-early and early crops. Hybrids and varieties for spring and autumn cultivation in solariums and fields
Lettuce seeds for autumn and winter cultivation. Varieties resistant to disease, cold and frost, for cultivation in greenhouses, solariums and in the field
Radish seeds, round, for greenhouses and solariums, red, autumn, winter, spring. Productive moonlight
Sweet corn seeds
Sweet corn seeds, extra-early, grains, sweet taste, yellow, fresh
White cauliflower seeds for summer and autumn, for semi-early, early and late cultivation, with high productivity and disease resistance
Extra-early and early melon seeds for field, greenhouses and solariums with disease resistance, high productivity and sweet taste
Rootstock seeds for grafting watermelon and melon crops. Hybrids with resistance to low temperatures and diseases
Pumpkin seeds for baking and for field cultivation, with high productivity and increased resistance to diseases and pests
Celery seeds, productive, fresh consumption, crack resistance, compact, professional
Carrot seeds, resistance to cracking and breaking, good taste, for the field
Onion seeds, resistance to transport and handling, large bulbs, high productivity
Spinach seeds, early, oval, hand tolerant, dark green, productive
Corn seeds, corn for large crops, corn hybrids
Broccoli seeds, high productivity, monaco, fresh, uniform
Productive bean seeds, climbing beans, oloaga beans, beans for greenhouse and solar cultivation, field beans, golden yellow beans, without thread
Aromatic plant seeds & coding
Seeds of aromatic and coding plants, seeds of dill, parsley, basil,
Seeds of root plants
Root plant seeds: parsnip, kale, beetroot, root parsley
Hobby seeds, vegetable seeds, flower seeds, tomato seeds, larch, pumpkin, beets
We present the range of vegetable seeds tested and adapted to the climatic conditions in Romania. In this section you can find both professional seeds and varieties, both for professional farmers and for amateurs, passionate about growing vegetables. Vegetable seeds from our portfolio can be grown in solarium or in the field, depending on the variety chosen.
If you are looking for some professional seeds, hybrid, we offer a wide range of each culture: tomato, pepper, cucumbers, eggplants, cantaloupe, watermelon, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. We have over 15 years experience in growing vegetables and we know that the right choice of seeds is the key to obtaining a quality crop.
What are the benefits of choosing quality seeds?
- Better resistance to diseases and pests.
- Better resistance when subjected to extreme weather conditions.
- Provides high productivity.
- Develops quality fruits, with aroma and taste.
The vegetable seeds in our portfolio are tested before sale on the Marcoser Farm, which covers an area of 3.5 hectares, and this helps us to say that choosing the right seeds is the basis for obtaining a quality harvest. Through our consulting service we want to support farmers, helping them make the best choice.
The taste of nature
Natural and healthy, organic fruits and vegetables occupy an important place in our offer. Therefore, we make sure to choose only products that respect the ecological quality. How do you recognize these products? Look for the European Union's eco-label on products and thus make sure that the products are obtained in accordance with the strictest directives of the EU Regulation on organic products and that they are checked at regular intervals by independent and authorized inspection bodies.
Influenced by seasonality, our range of organic vegetables and fruits includes a variety of products:
Leuştean is grown from seeds that can be sown in autumn or spring in March. The soil should be well loosened and the seeds should be sown after the soil has been watered and covered with a thin layer of finely chopped soil. They are sown in rows at distances of 40 - 50 cm between them. After sowing, roll for a uniform sunrise. After sunrise, the plants are thinned and left 25-30 cm between plants in a row
For spring sowing, larch plants sprout in about two to three weeks, and those sown in the fall in early March. The root is pivoting and very large, reaching lengths of over one meter. The stem is thick, tubular and tall. Cultivated in the garden, the larch lives on average 8-10 years and tends to form shrubs that can regenerate themselves, if the soil is well fertilized and loosened properly in spring. The larch does not tolerate puddles but needs constant humidity.
The care works are minimal, they refer to the removal of weeds, mainly in spring, in the first stages of development, and to the removal of the floral stems if we want a stronger development of the foliage. In summer it is irrigated only in case of prolonged droughts, the root that penetrates deep into the soil allowing it to withstand successfully on dry days.
Leuştena is not only an aromatic plant, but also a medicinal plant with a strong therapeutic action on the respiratory system, reno-urinary system, endocrine system and immune system.
Marshmallow is an effective remedy in a multitude of diseases such as indigestion, dyspepsia, kidney stones, anorexia, intestinal colic. The plant also has numerous healing properties, it is known for its beneficial effect in indigestion and stomach disorders, colds, colds and flu, anorexia, various intoxications and allergic reactions. The oil obtained from larch lowers blood pressure and stimulates diuresis. On wounds, ulcers, boils are put poultices with larch harvested in the morning, well washed and crushed.
The larch leaves can be harvested as needed, during the summer, and in autumn they form bunches that dry and can be kept like this throughout the winter, in canvas bags.
One method of storage is in jars, pressing well the green leaves over which a lot of table salt is added.
Decoction of larch root can be used to treat urinary disorders, pyelonephritis, gout, rheumatism, anemia. It has a strong sedative effect in anxiety, migraines and pneumonia.
To prepare the locust bean decoction, boil a locust bean root in 500 ml of water for 20-30 minutes. Allow to cool and consume at room temperature throughout the day.
Tea made from larch seeds quickly soothes abdominal pain, has a diuretic effect, fights bloating, eliminates sputum in case of bronchitis, being indicated in digestive disorders and diseases of the salivary glands. The infusion has a beneficial action on heart edema and lowers blood pressure.
Prepare tea from a teaspoon of leaves or seeds either fresh or dried, which is left to infuse for 10 minutes in 250 ml of hot water. You can drink two or three cups of tea a day.
Leustean diseases and pests:
Septoriosis of larch leaves:
The attack appears on the leaves in the form of circular spots, yellow-brown, surrounded by a fine, brown edge. The disease first occurs at the base of the plants where it spreads. The fight can be done with: Dithane M45, Captadin 50 PU, Bravo 500 SC
The correct timetable for planting seedlings and seeds & # 8211 When and how to plant vegetables in the garden
Vegetables that are sown or planted in February 20-28 February: carrot, parsley, dill, larch, moon radish, onion, garlic, winter green onion, peas, spinach, lettuce, planting horseradish rhizomes.
Semintele trebuie sa fie sanatoase iar straturile de pamant se acopera cu un rand fin de gunoi de grajd, nu prea gros tocmai pentru a permite legumelor sa rasara.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in martie 1-10 martie: morcov, patrunjel, marar, leustean, ridichi de luna, ceapa, usturoi, arpagic, mazare, spanac, salata pentru capatana ,10-20 martie: morcov, patrunjel, marar, leustean, ridichi de luna, ceapa, cartofi timpurii, mazare, spanac, salata pentru capatana, macris :
20-30 martie: ridichi de luna, cartofi timpurii, spanac, macris, marar, plantat soiuri de varza pentru productie timpurie.
Tot in luna martie se poate face si repicatul rasadurilor in cuburi sau ghivece nutritive destinate culturilor timpurii de camp (tomate, ardei, vinete).
In a doua jumatate a lunii se planteaza in rasadnite castravetii si ardeii dar se pregatesc solariile pentru tomate si vinete. Tot in martie, se continua dezinfectarea rasadnitelor si solariilor cu formalina sau sulfat de cupru.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in aprilie 1-10 aprilie : ridichi de vara, dovlecei, cartofi timpurii, spanac, ardei si rosii rasad, marar, soiuri de varza pentru productie timpurie
10-20 aprilie: ridichi de vara, dovlecei, dovleci de copt, pepene galben, pepene verde, spanac, porumb pentru fiert, marar, plantat soiuri de varza pentru productia semitimpurie, plantat rosii si ardei,
20-30 aprilie sfecla rosie, castraveti, dovleac de copt, dovlecei, pepene verde, pepene galben, fasole, porumb pentru fiert, marar, plantat soiuri de varza pentru productie semitimpurie, plantat rosii si ardei.
Pana la mijlocul lunii aprilie se mai pot planta in gradina:
– Radacinoasele (morcovi, patrunjel, pastarnac) in randuri, distanta de 25 cm salata, spanacul, se seamana soiuri de mazare tarzie, sfecla rosie si samanta de ceapa , de la mijlocul lunii aprilie incepe: Plantatul varzoaselor, guliei si a conopidei
– Semanatul cartofilor preincoltiti la distanta de 70 cm intre randuri, iar pe rand, intre cuiburi, 30-40 cm, la adancimea de 10 cm , semanatul fasolei, castravetelui, pepenelui si dovlecelului , se mai poate semana inca sfecla rosie la 30 cm intre randuri , plantarea telinei la distanta de 40 cm intre randuri si pe rand , semanatul porumbului dulce ,la sfarsitul lunii se poate planta rasadul de rosii timpurii si ardei.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in mai 1-20 mai: castraveti, fasole, porumb dulce, plantat ardei, rosii si vinete 20-30 mai: plantat varza pentru productia de vara, varza creata, gulii, castraveti, andive, porumb dulce, marar, fasole verde.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in iunie 1-10 iunie varza pentru productia de vara, varza creata, gulii, castraveti, andive, porumb dulce, marar, fasole verde 10-20 iunie castraveti, porumb dulce, marar, fasole verde : 20-30 iunie: varza pentru productia de toamna, gulii, sfecla rosie, castraveti, cartofi de toamna, fasole verde, marar.
Daca nu ati reusit sa terminati plantarea răsadurilor de legume in luna mai, aveti timp doar la inceputul lunii iunie sa plantati rasadurile de rosii, ardei si vinete.
Pe soluri fertilizate cu îngrășământ organic se planteaza conopida, varza de toamna, varza rosie, varza de Bruxelles, gulia de toamna si broccoli.
Careful! Puteti sa folositi culturile succesive pe parcele eliberate dupa ceapa verde, salata, spanac, mazare si gulioare. In vederea infiintarii culturilor duble trebuie sa curatati terenul de resturile vegetale, sapati si nivelati pamantul.
Putetia cultiva fasole, ridichi de toamna, castraveti de toamna.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in iulie 1-10 iulie: plantat gulii, sfecla rosie, cartofi de toamna, plantat varza pentru productia de toamna, fasole verde, marar :10-20 iulie:
sfecla rosie, castraveti, fasole verde, marar: 20-30 iulie: ridichi de iarna, spanac, marar.
Careful! Rosiile care incep sa se maneze pot fi salvate prin ruperea regulata a frunzelor si indepartarea fructelor stricate.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in august 1-10 august: ridichi de iarna, spanac, marar 10-20 august: spanac, macris 20-30 august: ceapa verde de iarna, salata care ierneaza, spanac, macris.
Pe terenurile eliberate se poate semana spanac, morcov si patrunjel, pentru productia de primavara.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in septembrie 1-10 septembrie: ceapa verde de iarna, salata care ierneaza, macris 10-20 septembrie: spanac, macris 20-30 septembrie: spanac.
Tot in luna septembrie este momentul strangerii semintelor pentru primavara. La tomate, se aleg fructele mari, specifice soiului, sanatoase, coapte bine.
Rosiile se zdrobesc bine, se pun in vase cu apa, unde se spala bine. Dupa ce s-au spalat, se indeparteaza de pe seminte resturile de pulpa si se lasa apa sa se linisteasca. Semintele bune se lasa la fund, in timp ce semintele seci plutesc la suprafata.
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in octombrie 1-10 octombrie: spanac pentru productia timpurie de primavara
Nu uitati! Pentru a avea legume proaspete primavara devreme, este timpul sa cultivati ceapa verde (de stufat), usturoiul verde, salata, spanacul, loboda, toate acestea rezista bine la temperaturi joase!
Legume care se seamana sau se planteaza in noiembrie 1-10 noiembrie: morcov, patrunjel, ceapa, usturoi, mazare – toate pentru productia timpurie din primavara urmatoare – plantarea rizomilor de hrean.